Defeating the Invasion of 1493

The Spanish continued to finance and support Christopher Columbus’ voyages, and on November 19, 1493, Colombus invaded the island of Borinquen, as it was titled by the Taino nation who resided there.  Most of the Taino nation died from diseases brought by the Europeans, though a number of Taino people survived in the Cordillera Central area of the island. Puerto Rico, or Rich Port, as the island was later renamed, remained under Spanish rule until the Spanish-American War (1898).  It then became part of the US, and is currently a US Commonwealth. Image of a Taino family in Puerto Rico in 1999 from the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian by Marisol Villanueva.