Revenge of the Mapuche 1598

Although the Native Americans lacked guns, germs, steel and horses, they continued to valiantly defend themselves against the Spanish invaders. On December 21, 1598, the Mapuche Nation of southern Chile defeated the Spanish in a major battle at Cualaba. Led by their commanding officer, Pelentaru, the Mapuche launched a surprise night raid against the Spanish, killing the Spanish Governor and troops.  This battle was one of the last major conflicts between the Spanish conquistadors and the Mapuche nation. (Image of the flag of the Mapuche nation, in public domain.)