Expulsion of the Jesuits

King Carlos III of Spain expelled the Jesuits from North and South America with a decree on January 29, 1767. Carlos believed that the Jesuits were too close to the Spanish Inquisition.  The Spanish Jesuits built missions in Arizona and Baja California, beginning in the late 17th century.  This expulsion opened the way for the Franciscans, led by the controversial Junípero Serra. Serra initiated the establishment the iconic series of missions that still stand in the state of California.  (Image by Tomás Castelazo)