Battle of Cañada at Santa Cruz

The Battle of Cañada at Santa Cruz, New Mexico (January 24, 1847), was part of the popular uprising known as the Taos Revolt in the Mexican-American War.  Abuses by US soldiers against the Mexican citizens and Pueblo Native Americans sparked the fighting.   Charles Bent, the first appointed territorial governor of New Mexico, had earlier requested that the commander “… interpose your authority to compel the soldiers to respect the rights of the inhabitants. These outrages are becoming so frequent that I apprehend serious consequences must result sooner or later if measures are not taken to prevent them.”  The Mexican rebels were defeated by Colonel Spencer Price.

 

The Taos Revolt

January 19, 1847 marked the start of the bloody Taos Revolt, a popular insurrection by Mexicans and Pueblo Native Americans against the US occupation of northern New Mexico during the Mexican-American War.  The rebels were crushed by US troops and militia, and several Mexican and Native American prisoners of war were executed for treason.

 

Caste War of Yucatan, Mexico

Screams and shots rang out on January 4, 1847 as civilians were massacred during the Caste War of Yucatan (1847–1901), Mexico.   Unfortunately, this was one of many tragic days of civilian deaths during this conflict.  The Mayans revolted against the European Spaniards and Americans of Spanish descent in years of terrible conflict.  The Mayans achieved some victories in 1847–1883 and declared an independent state in the Yucatan, which they ultimately lost.  Skirmishes continued through 1933.  The Mayans were one of the last of the First Nations to surrender to the Europeans.