Happy Birthday to Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo

World peace, that lofty mission, was among the goals of Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, a Spanish engineer, journalist, diplomat, politician, and professor. Rojo was born on July 23, 1886 in La Coruña, Spain. He worked in the League of Nations, the unsuccessful precursor to the United Nations, in its work on disarmament. When the Spanish Civil War exploded in 1936, Rojo actively opposed the fascist Franco regime and was a leading proponent for international humanitarian intervention to stop the War. He later was a central figure in uniting the Spanish opposition in exile. Throughout his political commitments, he continued to write novels, poetry, plays, essays, biographies, and historical works.