US forces drive Spanish out of the Philippines

On August 13, 1898 during the Spanish American War, US forces drove the Spanish out of Manila in the Philippines.  Manila had been a Spanish colony since the 16th century. According to one report, US commanders were unaware of a ceasefire that was signed with the Spanish on the previous day.  A more cynical interpretation is that US commanders took Manila to prevent their courageous Philippine rebel allies from entering the city. The US did keep the Philippine rebels out of their own capital, and this action, and the Americans’ refusal to acknowledge that nation’s independence, eventually led to the even bloodier Philippine-American War.