The Spanish Civil War Begins

Spain’s greatest modern tragedy began on July 17, 1936, at the start of the Spanish Civil War.  The War was viewed as one of the final post-World War II struggles between freedom and the Fascism that had cruelly gripped Europe for the War years.  Many idealistic young people traveled to Spain to fight against Fascism on the side of the Spanish Republic, including the North American volunteers of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade and George Washington Brigade.  Fascism won, and the victorious Spanish general and dictator Francisco Franco remained in power for decades.