On January 11, 1954, arguments were heard at the US Supreme Court for the landmark case, Hernandez v. Texas. The case centered on Pedro Hernandez, a Mexican agricultural worker, who was convicted of murder. Hernandez’s legal team argued that the jury could not be impartial unless members of non-Caucasian races were allowed to participate. The trial had been held in Jackson County, Texas, where no Mexican Americans had been included in a jury for over 25 years. The decision held that Mexican Americans and all other racial groups in the US had equal protection under the 14th Amendment of the US Constitution.
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