Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail

The journey began at the Royal Presidio of San Ignacio de Tubac in southern Arizona on October 23, 1775, and the weary travelers finally arrived at the Royal Presidio of San Carlos de Monterey in California in June of the following year.  The Expedition was a large party comprising Anza, 3 Franciscan priests and their servants, 3 Spanish officers, 28 soldiers, the wives of the sergeant and soldiers, 136 colonists (men, women, and children), 20 muleteers, 3 vaqueros (cowboys), and 3 Indian interpreters.  Anza’s diary chronicles the exploratory expeditions from Monterey to the opening of the San Francisco Bay, around the East Bay to the Sacramento River Delta, and back to Monterey.  The route is now known as the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail.

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