US Invades Panama, 1903 to 1914

What would a revolution in South America be without the arrival of undocumented and uninvited US Marines from North America?  With keen geopolitical interest in the Panama Canal, the US and President Theodore Roosevelt were determined to protect the Panamanian Revolution that started the previous day. Undocumented US Marines landed on November 4, and were stationed on the Isthmus from November 4, 1903, to January 21, 1914 to “guard American interests”. After the Panama Canal opened in August 1914, the US continued a heavy military presence in the Canal Zone until Panamanian General Omar Torrijos renegotiated the Treaty in 1977. Illustration by Udo Keppler, shows Uncle Sam with a bundle of papers labeled “Canal Plans” patting a diminutive brown man, wearing a hat labeled “Panama”. The man smiles broadly and is leaning on a large sword. Canal construction equipment is in the background. Library of Congress Collection.

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